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Founded November 20, 1956



2015-16 Program Schedule

The Charger Archives | 09/15

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Featured Articles

A Report On: American Queen: The Rise and Fall of Kate Chase Sprague, Civil War "Belle of the North" By John Oller
By Jean Rhodes

A Monument to Service: The Cuyahoga County Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument
By Tim Daley and Richard T. Prasse

The Confederate Battle Flag, Personal License Plates, and Litigation
By Dennis Keating

"Beyond the Battlefield": An Ohio History Connection Symposium
By William F.B. Vodrey

The April 1861 Madness
By Patrick Bray

Shelby Foote was Wrong!
By Dick Crews

A Rebuttal to “Shelby Foote Was Wrong”
By Greg Biggs

The Battle of Cedar Creek
By Dennis Keating

The U. S. Navy and the Naval Battles of Charleston, 1863
By Syd Overall

Jacob Dolson Cox
By Dennis Keating

Base Ball on Johnson's Island
By William F.B. Vodrey

The Case for Union
By John C. Fazio

A Review of Jennifer Chiaverini's
The Spymistress

By Dennis Keating

Ohio’s Civil War Generals:
Some Lesser Known

By Dennis Keating

The (Secret) Life and Letters of General George Gordon Meade
By George G. Meade

Lincoln and Grant:
The Westerners Who Won the Civil War

By Edward W. Bonekemper, III

My Thoughts Be Bloody
Prologue: The Players

By Nora Titone

Cleveland's Civil War Roundtable
Takes an Excursion into Fiction

By Karen R. Long

Gold, Greed, and a Vacuum of Law
By Carol Buchanan

’The Rebels are Upon Us’ The 1864 Confederate Invasion of Maryland, The Battle of Monocacy, and Jubal Early’s Move on Washington, D.C.
By Marc Leepson

The Great Battle of Gettysburg
By Max R. Terman

Assessing African American Attitudes Toward the Civil War (pdf)
A National Park Service Report prepared
by Hermina Glass-Avery

In the Shadow of the Civil War:
Passmore Williamson and the Rescue of Jane Johnson

By Nat Brandt with Yanna Kroyt Brandt

Scenes from The Fighting McCooks
By Barbara and Charles Whalen

Making a Covenant with Death:
Slavery and the Constitutional Convention

By Dr. Paul Finkelman

Blood, Tears and Glory: How Ohioans Won the Civil War
By Dr. James Bissland

Why Grant Won and Lee Lost
By Edward H. Bonekemper, III

Jefferson Davis's Imprisonment
at Fortress Monroe

By Clint Johnson

The Madness of Mary Lincoln
By Jason Emerson



History Under Siege
The Annual Report of the Civil War Preservation Trust



Search only CCWRT.com


Executive Committee

Chris Fortunato


Jean Rhodes

Vice President

Hans Kuenzi


Dan Ursu


Dave Carrino


Howard Besser


Patrick Bray


C. Ellen Connally


Jim Heflich


Paul Burkholder


Dennis Keating
Mike Wells

Charger Newsletter 

Membership in the Cleveland Civil War Roundtable is open to anyone who shares the belief that the American Civil War is the defining event in U.S. history.






Join Us for Our Next Program...

Wednesday, October 14, 2015 @ 6:30 p.m.

The Memorial Art and Architecture of Vicksburg National Military Park
Professor Michael Panhorst

In the heyday of Civil War commemoration at the turn of the twentieth century, Mississippi's Vicksburg National Military Park was considered the art park of the South. By 1920, more than 160 portrait statues, busts, and reliefs of Vicksburg's defenders under Gen. John C. Pemberton and the besieging Union army commanded by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant lined the tour route along the earthworks around the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. Most of the memorial art and architecture was built in the classical revival Beaux-Arts style popular following the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. The federal government, states, and individual patrons commissioned dozens of sculptors and architects to create these enduring structures, marking the historic battlefield and commemorating the men and events involved in the campaign and siege of Vicksburg.  This program is presented in conjunction with the Cincinncati Civil War Roundtable. (From the publisher of The Memorial Art and Architecture of Vicksburg National Military Park.)

Our speaker: Michael Panhorst holds a bachelor's degree in art administration from the University of Alabama and master's and doctoral degrees in art history from the University of Delaware. He is widely published, having authored or co-authored numerous art-related articles, essays, encyclopedia and dictionary entries, web sites, CDs, videos and government reports.

Dr. Panhorst has lectured extensively on sculpture, with particular emphasis on outdoor sculpture. He has been active in SOS! Save Outdoor Sculpture, a nationwide effort to inventory all publicly accessible sculpture, assess its condition and promote its proper care. His book, The Memorial Art and Architecture of Vicksburg National Military Park, was published in 2015.


Meeting Time: Meetings begin with a social hour at 6 p.m., followed by dinner at 6:30, and the program at 7:30.  Meetings typically end by 9.

Meeting Location: Our meetings are held at Judson Manor (the former Wade Park Manor residential hotel), located at the corner of East 107th Street and Chester in downtown Cleveland, just off University Circle.  Map to Judson Manor History of Wade Park Manor

Reservations: You must make a dinner reservation for any meeting you plan to attend no later than the day prior to that meeting (so we can give a headcount to the caterer).  Make your reservation one of three ways:

  • Send an email to .
  • Click any of the 'Make a Dinner Reservation" links on this page.
  • Call 440-449-9311 and leave a message on the voice mail.

From the Charger

Newsletter of the Cleveland CWRT

The Campaign Against the Confederate Battle Flag
By Dennis Keating

July 9, 2015 saw Nikki Haley, the governor of South Carolina, sign the bill removing the Confederate battle flag from the grounds of the state capital. This ended a decades long struggle. The flag came down the next day, to be placed in a museum. This was triggered by the massacre of nine African-Americans participating in a bible study group in the historic Emanuel African Methodist Church in Charleston on June 17 by a white supremacist. He had posed with the flag before the killings. In 1961 (on the centennial of the beginning of the Civil War with the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor), South Carolina had hoisted the flag to protest federal policies challenging racial segregation policies. The South Carolina NAACP launched a boycott to protest this. While a 2000 compromise later removed the flag from flying over the state house to being placed by the Confederate Memorial next to the state house, the boycott continued. Impassioned pleas in the South Carolina legislature for the flag’s removal came from Paul Thurmond, son of Strom Thurmond, the segregationalist Dixiecrat presidential candidate in 1948, and Jenny Horne, whose ancestors include Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

This dramatic sequence of events followed the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision upholding the right of the state of Texas to deny ancestors of Confederate soldiers special license plates decorated with the Confederate battle flag. Several Southern States still allow this However, Virginia’s governor ordered the recall of 1,700 such license plates. This followed the decision of a federal judge invalidating his 2001 decision requiring Virginia to offer these plates to the Sons of Confederate Veterans.


Blast from the Past

Articles from the Charger Archives

The Gettysburg Field Trip
September 2008
By Paul Burkholder

Note: The CCWRT has traveled to Gettysburg multiple times, most recently in 2008.  The article below reported on that trip and we're dredging it out of the archives today in the hopes of convincing you to join us on this year's trip!

From Thursday, September 25 through Sunday, the 28th, twenty-five of our members, led by president Jon Thompson, participated in the Roundtable's annual fieldtrip, this year to the hallowed ground of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  The club's return to Gettysburg was driven in part by the ongoing work being done by the Park Service to restore the battlefield to its 1863 state, in part by the opening of the new Visitor Center there and in part by the unveiling of the freshly restored (and moved) Cyclorama.  Without cutting to the chase too quickly, let me report with some relief that those responsible for these changes have produced admirable results on all counts.  (Save, perhaps, for the funding of these many projects, but more on that later.)


History Briefs

A small glimpse into the Civil War era

The First and Second Battles of Selma
By David A. Carrino
Roundtable Historian

Nathan Bedford Forrest
James Wilson

On May 13, 1865 the last battle of the Civil War came to an end, or so most people say. The Civil War's battles are considered by most people to have taken place between April 12, 1861 and May 13, 1865, because this time period encompasses what are generally accepted to be the Civil War's first battle and its last battle. But not every 'Civil War battle' took place between April 12, 1861, the date of the battle of Fort Sumter, and May 12-13, 1865, the date of the battle of Palmito Ranch, which is considered to be the last battle of the Civil War. In other history briefs of the 2014-2015 Cleveland Civil War Roundtable session, I wrote about two 'Civil War battles' that occurred outside of the generally accepted Civil War time frame. One of these battles was the firing on the Star of the West in Charleston harbor on January 9, 1861, which some consider the Civil War's first battle. The other was the battle of Buena Vista on February 22-23, 1847 in the Mexican-American War, which, in a nod toward attention-grabbing unconventionality, I called the decisive battle of the Civil War.

Another 'Civil War battle' that occurred outside of the generally accepted Civil War time frame had its 50th anniversary near the end of the Civil War's sesquicentennial. This battle happened in Selma, Alabama on March 7, 1965, when civil rights protesters attempted to march to Montgomery, but were stopped by Alabama state troopers and local police, who beat the protesters. In the context of the Civil War, this battle can be designated the second battle of Selma. The first battle of Selma took place during the time period that is generally associated with the Civil War, namely April 2, 1865, or almost 100 years before the second battle of Selma. One noteworthy aspect of the first battle of Selma is the commanders of the two armies that fought there. The leader of the Union forces was James H. Wilson, and the commander of the Confederate forces was none other than Nathan Bedford Forrest. Forrest needs no introduction, but Wilson is not so well known, although he holds a very notable Civil War distinction that he earned shortly after the first battle of Selma.


The Cleveland Civil War Roundtable